Stain removal

 

A good rule is to always react quickly. Most stains can be removed completely if treated immediately and not allowed to dry. Wool, in particular, is resistant to dirt, spilled red wine, chocolate ice cream, cigarette butts and candle drippings.
 
Always start by wiping off all excess liquid. Use a white napkin (coloured napkins may rub off), kitchen roll or a clean cloth. Scratch dry, firm stains off with a spoon or a buttering knife – never a sharp object – starting from the rim of the stain and working toward the center to avoid enlarging the stain.
 
Use only small amounts of cleaning liquid at a time. Remember to suck up excess liquid with white napkins, kitchen roll or a cloth. Avoid pressing the liquid into the fabric.
 
The chart below shows what agents or methods are suitable for what kind of stain. In case the first attempt at removal (step 1) does not produce the desired result, let the stain dry and try step 2. If that doesn’t work either, try step 3. And if that also fails we recommend that you contact an expert as quickly as possible.


 

Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

Alcohol

 

1

             
  1. Solution of approved shampoo for furniture fabrics
     
  2. Chemical cleanser (preferable 1.1.1. trichlorethylene)
     
  3. Approved grease spot remover
     
  4. Clean warm water
     
  5. Cold water
     
  6. Absorbing paper and hot iron
     
  7. Chill with aerosol freezer or ice cubes in a plastic bag. Peal/scrape excess off
     
  8. Surgical spirits/methylated spirits
     
  9. Nail polish remover (without oil) prefably acetone
     
  10. Turpentine or white spirit
     
  11. Vacuuming
     
  12. Approved absorbing powder
     
  13. 5 percent hydrogen peroxide solution proportion: 1.4 gram peroxide/100 ml water
     
  14. Scrape gently with a fingernail or coin
     
  15. Organic detergent (proportion: 2 grams/100 ml water)
     
  16. Acetic acid
     
  17. Specialist help needed

In columns with two numbers, both methods can be used

Blood

 

5

   

15

       

Ink (fountain pen)

 

4

   

1

   

8

 

Ink (ballpoint pen)

 

8

   

1

       

Floor wax

 

2

   

1

       

Burned marks

 

14

   

13

       

Chocolate

 

1

   

3

       

Coke and lemonade

 

4

   

1

       

Cream

 

5

   

15

   

3/2

 

Fruit juice

 

5

   

1

   

8

 

Coffee

 

15

   

13

   

6

 

Lipstick

 

3

   

1

       

Cooking oil

 

3

   

1

       

Paint (emulsion)

 

5

   

1

   

3

 

Paint (oli)

 

10

   

3

   

1

 

Metal polish

 

3

   

10

   

1

 

Milk

 

4

   

15

   

1

 

Furniture polish

 

3

   

1

   

8/10

 

Nail polish

 

9

   

3

       

Oil and grease

 

3/2

   

1

       

Vomit

 

4

   

15

   

1

 

Salad dressing

 

3

   

1

       

Mustard

 

1

             

Shoe polish

 

3

   

10

       

Gravy

 

4

   

15

   

1

 

Butter

 

3

   

1

       

Soot

 

11

   

3

   

1

 

Paraffin wax

 

7

   

6

   

3

 

Tea

 

4

   

16

   

15

 

Tar

 

2

   

17

       

Chewing gum

 

7

   

2

       

Urine (new stain)

 

4

   

15

       

Urine (old stain)

 

4

   

1

   

17

 

Wine

 

12

   

4

   

8

 

Egg

 

5

   

15

   

3/2